What Is A Mountain Bike? Explain All To Know

Biking on the street roads can’t satisfy you. It’s time to upgrade your experience by getting a mountain bike and going into the wild. 

But what is a mountain bike? What features does this bike have to help it handle rough terrain? If you intend to get one, do not miss this post. 

We will explain all the important features of a mountain bike. You can also learn the pros and cons of having one. So let’s scroll down to see what we suggest! 

What Is A Mountain Bike? 

A mountain bike, referred to as a mountain bicycle or an MTB, is an off-road bike used for racing on rugged terrains like mountains, deserts, and rocks.

Mountain biking involves using a bicycle on various off-road routes. You need endurance, speed, stability, and expertise for complicated terrain navigation.

A mountain bike has some similarities with other types of bikes. But since people use it in rugged terrain, it is heavier, more sophisticated, and less effective on flat surfaces. 

A mountain bike can handle rugged terrain
A mountain bike can handle rugged terrain

There are many things to explore when it comes to mountain bikes. We will discuss them one by one in the following sections. 


Bikers have many requirements when riding their bikes. Hence, manufacturers have created multiple types of mountain bikes to satisfy all users’ demands. 

  • Cross Country

The cross-country mountain bike’s (XC) focus is on being quick, lightweight, and maneuverable. XC bikes are more suitable for mountain trails. But if you are a beginner, you can choose cheaper models to ride on smooth paths. 

cross-country mountain bike
cross-country mountain bike

Most XC bikes only feature front suspension, which we call “Hardtail.” Yet, you can also find models with rear and front suspension. 

XC bikes are good choices for all competitions where riders focus on speed, not tricks, jumps, or descents. 

  • Trail

Compared to mountain bikes, trail bikes are more flexible. You can use it to ascend easily and swiftly descend.

Trail mountain bike
Trail mountain bike

Trail bikes are heavier and less maneuverable than XC bikes. But you will be impressed by how robust and stable they are in the descent.

  • Enduro

Enduro bikes, or all-mountain bikes, are the ideal gear if you’re prepared to pedal up to get your ride but still want to focus on the descent with tough airtime and terrain. 

Enduro mountain bike
Enduro mountain bike

An all-mountain bike can do the trick if you like to skip the pedaling and finish a few laps when performing at a bike park. 

  • Fat Bike

Fat bikes can easily manage sand and snow-covered terrain with their extensive tires.

Fat mountain bike
Fat mountain bike

These bikes are a hit with individuals looking for something unique, with a high entertainment value or a rough appearance, and with adventurers who enjoy cycling off the road.


Your choice of material depends on many factors, including your riding style, weight, and spirit of adventure.  

  • Carbon steel 

The most typical material for bike frames is steel. Carbon steel, or high-tensile steel, has gained popularity because of its strength and durability. 

  • Chromoly steel

Chromoly is a robust, lightweight steel that is a workhorse in the market. It can create a relatively light frame that will withstand years of harsh use when butted and bent to eliminate extra weight. 

  • Aluminum

Aluminum has advanced over the years from the large tubes of the past and is now less costly and used extensively on modern bikes.

This material is rigid, lightweight, and sturdy. It can provide a stable ride for ascending or dynamic handling in tight spaces.

  • Titanium

Titanium is as strong as steel but more lightweight and expensive. Some pricey motorcycles employ the metal as a shock absorber since it can flex exceptionally well while preserving its shape.

  • Carbon fiber 

Carbon fiber has carbon sheets combined and resin-bonded in a mold. 

The main benefit of this material is that it is substantially lighter than steel, titanium, or aluminum at a similar stiffness. 

The material affects the weight and durability of your bike
The material affects the weight and durability of your bike


A powerful bike needs a set of solid components. The gears, disc brakes, suspension, and many other parts enable the bike to overcome all the challenges on the road. 

  • Gears

Mountain bikes can handle a variety of terrain since they allow you to choose the gearing. 

Low gear: This gear range is easier to use when riding or climbing at slow speeds. It also gives the slightest resistance to your pedal turning. 

High gear: You use this range when cycling at high speeds. High gears are helpful when you want to speed on downhill sections. 

Disc brakes: Disc brakes offer adequate braking force in every circumstance and are reliable and consistent. Not to add, they come in a range of forms, sizes, or sorts. 

Brakes can be hydraulic or cable-operated. Aside from being more durable and strong, hydraulic brakes generally cool down more quickly during steep descents. Cable brakes, on the other hand, are less complicated and cheaper. 

  • Suspension 

Hardtail and full-suspension mountain bikes are usually the only types of suspension you need to consider. Both of them may have advantages and disadvantages.

A hardtail will be the definite victor if you’re thinking of biking while climbing. A direct connection between the axle and crank allows for faster responses with lighter cycling.

Hardtails are also simpler to maintain. Despite being inexpensive, they don’t require substantial upkeep.

Full suspensions, on the other hand, are easier to handle. They work for specific off-road experiences and are sturdy enough for more daunting trails.

  • Groupset

Your chain, chainring, cassette, crank, shifter, and derailleur make up the group set. It’s a closed circuit to improve your bike’s toughness, effectiveness, and shifting efficiency. 

Those components can be made of different materials. While alloys are popular on entry-level mountain bikes, carbon fiber and titanium are ideal choices for higher-end models. 

  • Wheels

Wide tires are a characteristic of mountain bikes. You may have seen many bikes with 29-inch wheels. 

Because of the power of the wheels, the high bottom brackets can go downhill at the fastest speeds and have a broad suspension clearance. This structure is a fundamental requirement for such a tough discipline.

  • Frame

A unique feature of mountain bikes is their frames. They can handle the roughest off-road excursions since they are stronger than regular bike frames.

Additionally, the material has an impact on how sturdy a model is. Mountain bikes, for example, will last longer if their materials are steel. 

Mountain bikes usually have sloping top tubes for more clearance and upright pedaling. This feature would provide comfort while making it easier to deal with the challenges.

  • Accessories

You can acquire a cyclo-computer, tool bag, frame pump, and water bottle for your mountain bike.

Please be aware of the rugged terrain and frequent separation from people that mountain biking tracks involve.

Many mountain bikers bring kits that include many more tools and spare parts than their roadie counterparts often pack. 


A mountain bike usually weighs around 29 pounds. However, the exact weight may vary depending on the type of bike you choose. 

  • Cross Country: 26-28 lbs
  • Trail bike: 30 lbs 
  • Enduro bike: 30 lbs
  • Fat Bike: 33-36 lbs


The highest speed you can achieve when riding a MTB depends on the kind of terrain. Here are the average values taken from multiple mountain bike riders: 

  • Average speed: 30.53mph
  • Average speed on flat trails with some hills: 9.7mph
  • Average speed on flat paved roads: 32.35mph
  • Average speed downhill: 44.8mph
  • Average speed on hard dirt trails: 18.6mph


Riders are different in their heights. So, MTB manufacturers try to produce bikes in different sizes to adapt to all of your demands. The options are as follows:

Rider Height (inches)Recommended SizeFrame Size (inches) 
4’10” – 5’2″XS13″ – 14″
5’3″ – 5’6″S15″ – 16″
5’7″ – 5’10”M17″ – 18″
5’11” – 6’1″L19″ – 20″
6’2″ – 6’4″XL21″ – 22″
> 6’4″XXL> 23″


Maintenance is one of the challenges for mountain bike riders. Only when well-maintained can your bike perform at its best. The best maintenance tips are as follows:

  • Pre-ride inspections are the best method of protection against loose parts. You can identify potential issues before they turn into safety threats.
  • Inspect the “ABCs” (Air – Brakes – Chain) before every journey to ensure safety and prolong the life of your bike.
  • Since loose bike components can result in severe wear and tear, terrible performance, and a safety hazard, keeping a tight connection between them is crucial.
  • For optimal performance, clean and lubricate the bike components regularly. Lubrication helps prevent rust and corrosion by shielding moving parts from wear and tear caused by repeated friction.

Please check this video to learn more maintenance tips:


If you are new to mountain bikes, stick with the most reliable brands in the niche. We highly recommend these options:

  • Specialized
  • Trek
  • Giant
  • Santa Cruz
  • Canyon
  • Yeti
  • Pivot

Pros And Cons Of A Mountain Bike

We will outline all the benefits and drawbacks of mountain bikes so you can decide if they are for you. 


  • Durability: On tough mountain trails, MTBs must be dependable. Hence, manufacturers only employ robust, break-resistant frames and components. 
  • Versatility: You can utilize mountain bikes on almost any terrain because they are robust vehicles built for off-road riding. 
  • Comfort: You can ride any rural and urban route on a full-suspension MTB without ever having to get off the saddle while still having a comfortable ride. 
  • Maneuverability: Mountain bike riders can test their skill levels on steep mountain tracks using these bikes. 
  • Stability: Manufacturers of mountain bikes are devoting more work than ever to improving bike geometry. As a result, new mountain bikes are more stable when riding at faster speeds.
  • Excellent traction: Compared to the smaller and flatter tires in standard types of bikes, the broad and knobby tires of MTBs will provide more traction. 


  • Price: Since you need a bike with sturdy components to travel on the trails safely, a good MTB will cost a lot of money. 
  • Weight: Durability is the essential factor of an MTB. Thus, manufacturers only use sturdy yet heavy materials.  
  • Maintenance: You have to maintain your bikes frequently because they work on rough terrain. The expensive components add up to the maintenance cost. 
  • Lower pedaling efficiency: Compared to road bikes, MTBs have less efficient pedaling since the suspensions absorb a part of the pedaling force.

What Competitions/Events For Mountain Biking Are There? 

There are many professional competitions
There are many professional competitions

The most famous events for mountain bike racing are Summer Olympics and World Championships. The UCI also holds the World Cup at different places around the world for MTB racers. 

There is also the annual Cross Triathlon Championship held by the International Triathlon Union every year. You can also check the 

Every year, the Cross Triathlon Championship is held by the XTERRA Triathlon competition in Maui. 

Many countries conduct events for the sport too. For example: 

  • India: MTB Himalaya
  • Mexico: Chupacabras
  • South Africa: The Nedbank Tour de Tuli, Cape Epic, Botswana, and Zimbabwe
  • USA: Sea Otter Classic
  • England: Mountain Mayhem 
  • Costa Rica: La Ruta de los Conquistadores 


We have shared with you the ins and outs of MTBs. These tough bikes are what you need to conquer rough routes and sharpen your riding skills. 

Please check every feature of the bike carefully before you buy. Manufacturers offer many models that may overwhelm you at first. Keep your preference and requirement in mind to opt for the best one. 

Hopefully, you will find this article helpful. If you have any questions, please feel free to ask. We will cover it in our next post. 

Thank you for reading! 

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